An estimated 15 million Indians are without reliable and affordable information systems.
The country’s information technology, or IT, infrastructure is struggling to keep pace with the rapidly changing requirements of its people.
But in recent years, the government has been working to shift the balance of power in the sector from the private sector to the public sector.
The country’s National Information Technology Development Corporation (NITC) has made strides in establishing its own information technology services in the country.
The government has created an office of IT at the ministry of information and communications technology (I&C) that is headed by chief information technology officer Rajesh Nair.
But this agency, headed by a woman, has failed to get its act together.
Its sole mission is to ensure that the government’s IT infrastructure is functioning at a level conducive to the government and the private sectors.
The new NITC has not been doing much to tackle the lack of infrastructure.
The NITB has not even been operational since May 2017.
This means that more than 10 years after it was created, the organisation has only been in existence for two months.
It has also failed to implement a number of reforms to address the information technology gap.
For instance, NITI Aayog, the apex body of all the ministries in the government, has only recently been formed.
It is tasked with the implementation of a number major policy initiatives like the National Information Management Plan (NIMP), a central government initiative to improve the quality of information available in the nation.
The NIMP has been in the making for almost two decades.
It was initially drafted by the then Information and Broadcasting Ministry.
In 1999, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had put forward a draft of the plan that sought to create a National Information System.
It had been adopted by the Cabinet in 2003, with a number revisions and reforms since then.
The draft was widely seen as an attempt by the previous Congress government to shift control of the country’s public information to the private companies.
The government’s decision to create the NIMS had, in fact, set a precedent for how to create information technology that would benefit the government in a number ways.
The plan had also included the creation of a centralised government IT system, called the Information Technology Act, for managing the information and communication technology.
The information technology act was a major change to the Indian governance structure.
In fact, it was a fundamental change in the structure of the governance system and its function.
It set out a number objectives for the government.
It said that the information should be made available to the people, and the citizens should have the ability to have access to information.
The information should not be used for political purposes.
It also laid down rules and regulations to ensure proper use of information, transparency and accountability.
The National Information and Communications Technology Act was a big step in this direction.
It provided for a central body to create and administer the information technologies, such as the NITCs, and for the information systems to have a central structure.
The role of the NII is to oversee and supervise the development and implementation of the legislation.
It established an Information Technology Policy Committee, headed at the time by former Information and Technology Secretary K J Goyal.
But the committee failed to come up with any concrete proposals.
The Information Technology Committee was tasked with overseeing the NIPs and implementing the NISPs, but it did not come up any specific rules.
In other words, the committee’s role was not to set guidelines for the development of the information in the NIFs.
The committee also failed in creating a regulatory framework to oversee the implementation and management of the National Informatics Centre.
This was the central agency that was to develop, manage and maintain the data.
It should have been the regulator for the NISC, which is responsible for the collection and storage of data.
The committee failed even to create clear rules and policies to govern the data collection and management.
The lack of an Information Policy Committee and clear rules to govern its functions was a serious oversight, according to K M Suresh, a former information technology minister and former director general of the Information and Electronic Services Department.
This is not the first time that a government has failed in its task of setting up the NILC.
In 2015, the ministry created the Information Systems Policy Council (ISPC), a body to monitor and oversee the governance of the government information technology system.
The ISPC, which was initially established to oversee a central system, did not even have any rules or policies to guide it.
It lacked any accountability.
It failed to ensure compliance with existing rules and regulation.
The ISPC was disbanded in 2017.
But it was not disbanded for good.
The new NII was formed to oversee an independent body, the National Institute of Information Technology (NII).
It has already been in place for a year